Includes 2022 Revisions

The New Century rules for Rail Baron® brand board games are given below, including 2022 revisions. For details of older rules, please consult the rules that came with a copy of an original board game.


Rail Baron® is a strategy game of assembling railroad networks. You purchase railroads, and earn money by moving your train along them from one destination to the next, but if you ride an opponent's railroad you must pay a rental fee. The first player to accumulate $200,000 and arrive back home safely wins.

The game board is a map of the United States upon which the lines of 28 historically-based railroads have been traced. City mileposts are represented by black squares, and other significant mileposts by black dots. During your turn, you move your train from city to city, counting the mileposts along the way, up to a distance allowed by a dice throw. Upon arrival at a destination, you collect a payoff and can grow your network by purchasing a railroad. A true rail baron knows when to expand into new areas, and when to monopolize rail access to others. Tip: Play Rail Baron® on computer with RBP.


To begin the game, choose a player to act as banker. The banker gives each player $20,000, a pawn the color of the player's choosing, two chips of matching color, and a Freight engine card. Tip: RBP shows your cash level in the box at the lower-left corner of the map. Each player will place the chips on the board at the cities from and to which his train is moving. A uniquely colored pawn represents a player's train that he moves along the board's railroads. To determine who goes first, each player rolls 3 dice. The player with the highest total roll goes first, and thereafter turn order proceeds to the left.


Several times during the match, a player will be assigned a City via a process that involves the Destination Chart and two separate rolls of three dice. The first dice roll determines the Region, the second roll determines the City within that Region. Note that the Destination Chart has a table of Region names, such as NorthEast and SouthEast, as well as several tables of City names, such as New York and Atlanta. In the RBP software this process is automated for you.

When the rules call for a City to be assigned, the player should perform the following steps:

Example (original USA): the first roll's red die shows 3, and white dice 3 + 4. So, look up Odd 7 in the chart to learn it represents the NorthCentral Region. The second roll's red die shows 6, and white dice 3 + 5. Refer to the city table for NorthCentral, and look up Even 8, which is Chicago.

Special note: if the player is determining a destination city, and the Region he rolls is the Region in which his train is currently located, the player may freely pick any Region. He announces his choice to the other players, then rolls the dice to determine the City within the Region he picked.

Tip: RBP handles all the destination lookups for you so no charts are needed.


At the start of the game in turn order, each player determines his Home City via the CITY LOOKUP process described above. The player must make special note of this city because at the end of the game he will need to move his train back to it to win. He places onto the board at that city one of his two chips, and his train pawn.

More than one player may have the same Home City. After all players have a Home City, the first player determines his first DESTINATION. Tip: Enable Home city choice in Game Options to instead permit players to choose a home city within their randomly selected region.


To determine a train's destination, a player employs the CITY LOOKUP process described above. He places his other chip on the board at that city as a reminder to all. In the unusual event the destination city is the same as the one in which a player's train is already located, that player loses the remainder of his turn. Tip: RBP displays each player's destination in the column left of the map. Mouse over a destination name to blink it on the map.


After a player has determined his first destination city of the game, but prior to rolling dice for any MOVEMENT, at his option he may elect to Home Swap. In a Home Swap, a player exchanges his initial home city with his first destination city. He changes his train's starting location to the new Home City, and begins movement from there. No reason for Home Swap need be started; players often elect to Home Swap so as to end up with what they consider a better first destination, or better Home City, or both. A player may not Home Swap after he has rolled the dice for MOVEMENT. Tip: Home swapping can be turned off via Game Options.


When a player knows his train's destination city, he rolls two white dice (known as the "normal roll") unless he has already upgraded to a Superchief engine, in which case he also rolls the red bonus die at the same time. The total of the dice roll indicates how many mileposts to move that turn. After rolling, the player may plan his train's route, however once he physically moves his pawn to its final destination milepost, he may not take that move back.

The player moves his train pawn from one milepost to another milepost connected via a railroad segment, counting out loud the distance as he goes; doing so is simply called "riding". He may ride any railroad segment that connects the desired mileposts, and may switch from one railroad to another at any milepost served by both. He need not employ the shortest route. If he reaches his destination city, he must stop and consult the ARRIVAL rules below.

A player may not switch riding to a different railroad at location that is not a milepost. Note there are some places on the game board at which two railroad lines cross each other, but there is no black milepost. At such crossings, a player may not switch riding from one line to the other unless both lines belong to the same railroad.

Tip: RBP highlights a good route for you via tunnel symbols. To move your train its maximum distance in one step, click the last of the bold tunnel symbols.


A player may not ride a given track segment (even in a reverse direction) again until after he has arrived at his destination. Where the tracks of multiple railroads are parallel and connect the same two mileposts, those are considered separate segments belonging to different railroads; at such locations, the player may ride between those mileposts again only if he rides a railroad segment previously unused. Also, a player may not ride a segment if doing so means his train will no longer be able to reach his destination city without future reuse of some segment, instead he must ride a different segment. This reuse restriction applies to each player individually, that is, a player is not prohibited from using a segment simply because a different player already has. This restriction clears and starts anew only upon the player's ARRIVAL at his destination city. Tip: to turn off this restriction, enable Backtracking in Game Options.


A player may be entitled to one bonus roll. If a player with a Freight engine rolls double sixes, after moving the 12, he rolls the red bonus die and moves that amount farther. If a player who had upgraded to an Express engine rolls any doubles, after moving, he rolls the red bonus die and moves that amount farther. Players who have upgraded to Superchief engines do not get separate extra rolls since the red bonus die is always rolled together with the white dice, and the sum of the three dice is used for movement.

Until arrival at his destination city, a player must move his full roll, including bonus, even if he does not wish to. He may not stop short except to arrive at his destination. There is no fee to ride upon a railroad he owns. If for any portion of movement a player rides upon one or more segments of a railroad held by the bank or owned by an opponent, at the end of his turn he must pay track use fees as described in the USE FEES rules below.


Upon arrival in a destination city, the player must stop train movement: he does not need to roll the exact distance, or use the full amount on the dice. He collects from the bank a payoff in the amount indicated by the Payoff chart: find the departure city along one edge of the chart, and the destination city along the other edge. The payoff amount, in thousands, is listed where the row and column meet. Tip: RBP serves as banker and automatically handles money for you. Your cash level appears in the box at the lower-left corner of the map.


After ARRIVAL and collecting a payoff, next a player may purchase from the bank one unowned railroad, or upgrade his locomotive. The purchase price of each railroad is shown upon its deed; those marked Public cannot be purchased, and remain available for all players to ride upon as if they were unowned. The price to upgrade from a Freight to an Express is $4000, or to upgrade from either a Freight or an Express to a Superchief is $20,000. Upon payment, the banker shall give the player the deed representing the purchase. A player may not spend more cash than he already has on hand, nor at this time may he sell or auction other railroads to raise cash. He is not required to make a purchase if he does not wish. A player can make a purchase before paying USE FEES, and can even spend cash that he needs for those fees, knowing he will have to AUCTION or sell back railroads to pay those fees at the end of his turn. Each player should keep his railroad deeds visible; all players are entitled to accurately know who owns which railroads.


If during the turn he arrived at his destination city a player had moved all of the total of his white dice, as well as any portion of a red bonus die to which he may be entitled, the movement phase of his turn is over. Similarly, if he is not entitled to a bonus die, his movement phase is over, even if he did not fully consume the distance allowed by the white dice. In these cases, the player does not determine his next destination city until the start of his next turn. After a PURCHASE opportunity as described above, the player should continue according to the USE FEES section of the rules below.

Otherwise, if a player had arrived at his destination by using no more mileposts than the amount shown on the white dice this turn, he may be entitled to some movement out of the city. Such "bounce out" movement is granted only if the player is entitled to movement via a BONUS ROLL. In such situation, before moving the player should determine his next destination via the DESTINATION rules above.

Once the player has determined his next destination city, if he has a Superchief locomotive, he has already rolled the red bonus die, and should employ the amount it shows for his "bounce out" movement. A player with a Freight or Express engine, if he has rolled double-sixes or doubles respectively for ARRIVAL, must roll the red bonus die and move the distance it shows. If via the bonus the player arrives at another destination, he once again collects a payoff and is given another purchase opportunity, but does not get another bonus roll this turn. Unless the player has won, the bounce out is not optional: if a player is entitled to it, it must be used fully per MOVEMENT rules.


At the end of his turn, if during the course of that entire turn the player has ridden upon any railroads he does not own, he must pay use fees. The player pays no fee to ride upon his own railroads. The cost to ride upon unowned (bank held) railroads (including Public railroads) is $1000, regardless of the number of different such railroads used and distance. For rides upon "unfriendly" railroads, i.e. those owned by an opponent, before the unowned railroads have sold out, the fee is $5000. This flat $5000 is paid to each opponent whose track segments were ridden during the turn, regardless of the number of his railroads ridden, the distance, or whether the riding took place as part of the player's normal roll, bonus roll, or both. When the bank's non-public railroad holdings sell out, this fee increases to $10,000 for the remainder of the game.

Use fees are not optional: they must be paid even if an opponent does not ask for them. If a player does not have sufficient cash to pay a use fee, refer to the AUCTION rules below.


If the USE FEES increase while a player's train is at a milepost served by a railroad, the player is "established" at the prior fee rate upon all railroads the serve that milepost. On subsequent turns if he continues to ride upon an established railroad, he needs to pay only at the prior fee rate. This grandfathering right can continue for multiple turns and is lost only when the established player rides a different railroad, at which time the use fee goes up for all his subsequent rides on that railroad. A player who Home Swaps is considered established upon all the railroads at his new Home City.

Example 1: the bank holds the ABC railroad. Blue rides upon it during his turn, and thus must pay the bank a $1000 use fee. Before Blue's next turn, Red purchases ABC. Blue is established on the ABC, so if he chooses to ride upon it the fee remains only $1000, but he pays it to Red rather than the bank. Only when Blue rides a railroad other than ABC does he lose establishment.

Example 2: Blue's train is located at a milepost served by three different railroads when someone purchases the last railroad. That means the fee to ride unfriendly railroads increases from $5000 to $10,000. Until he moves again, Blue is established on all three railroads at his train. When Blue moves, he can ride any of the three railroads, and if he uses one that is opponent-owned, he pays that opponent only $5000 in use fees. When Blue rides any other railroad, he loses establishment, and must pay the full price for subsequent rides. If in this example Blue rides a railroad upon which he is established, as well as a second railroad owned by the same opponent, he must pay the full $10,000 because he was not established on the second railroad. If in this example Blue rides a railroad upon which he is established, as well as a second railroad owned by a different opponent, he must pay the first owner $5000 and the second owner $10,000 because Blue was not established on the second railroad.


If a player has insufficient cash to afford the total of all USE FEES owed to opponents and/or the bank, he must auction his railroads to other players or sell them back to the bank until he has raised enough cash. If the player chooses to sell back, he surrenders to the bank the deed card of the railroad, and collects from the bank half the railroad's listed purchase price. That railroad becomes available for PURCHASE by any player per normal rules, and subsequent MOVEMENT upon it while the bank holds it costs $1000 in use fees.

If the player chooses to auction, he offers the railroad at an opening bid of half the railroad's listed purchase price. Bidding proceeds in turn order starting with the opponent on the player's left. Each player can bid up to the amount of cash he has on hand at that time; each bid must be at least $500 more than the prior. The player who bids the most pays that price to the auctioner and receives the deed. If the player still does not have sufficient cash to pay the use fees he owes, he must auction or sell back another of his railroads.

Players whose trains are at mileposts served by an auctioned railroad are established upon it for movement purposes at the fee they would have paid had the auction not occurred, however that fee is paid to the new owner. Once a player puts a railroad up for auction, he may not withdraw it, even if he does not want the high bidder to own it. If no one bids, the bank buys the railroad at half the railroad's listed purchase price. If a player auctions a railroad he has ridden that turn, he owes no fee to its new owner this turn nor while he remains established on it. Tip: in RBP to permit players to sell their railroads rather than being forced to auction them, enable Selling in Game Options.


If after auctioning or selling all his railroads, a player still has insufficient cash to pay the total amount of use fees, he is bankrupt and immediately out of the game. His cash, if any, is returned to the bank rather than paid to anyone to whom he owes fees. In the rare event all but one player goes bankrupt, the last surviving player wins immediately and the game ends.


A player's cash level remains secret until he accumulates $150,000, at which time he must announce this fact to his opponents. Any opponent can ask how much cash a player has, or what his Home City is, and the player must correctly reply (if the player has less than $150,000 he simply replies so and does not reveal the exact amount). No player may keep his cash hidden from view, but he may keep it in a stack so as to disguise its total value. Tip: RBP automatically announces for you.


When a player has accumulated at least $200,000 cash and is about to determine his next destination city, he is eligible to declare. Before he determines that next destination, at his option he can "declare" to his opponents that he has the required cash, and will attempt to return to his HOME CITY where he can win the game. Players are not under obligation to declare as soon as eligible, instead most continue playing, moving, and getting new destinations until arrival at a destination city in proximity of their Home City.

Upon invoking this process, the player is said to be "declared". He immediately determines an "alternate destination" city via the normal DESTINATION rules above, but ignores this alternate destination until/unless the player loses his declared status, or if the alternate destination is the city in which his train is currently located. In the latter case, the player is indeed declared, but loses the rest of his turn, and is in danger of the ROVER PLAY executed by an opponent (see below).

If the declared player has not lost his turn, he moves his train per normal MOVEMENT rules, and heads for his Home City. He need not arrive at home this turn, instead he may use several turns. If he arrives back at his Home City while still declared, and has $200,000 after paying all USE FEES, he is the winner, and the game ends.

No payoff is awarded for the trip to his Home City unless it is also his alternate destination. If a player declares when in his Home City, he wins immediately and the game ends. If a player who can win arrives home but has not used his BONUS ROLL, he ignores that roll.

Tip: RBP lets you know when you can declare, and highlights the option it recommends.


While a player is declared and before he can return to his HOME CITY, during their turn each opponent may attempt to "rover" him so as to thwart his imminent victory. To rover a declared player, an opponent must move his train to or through the milepost at which the declared player's train is sitting between turns. During this process, all players must obey all normal MOVEMENT rules, including the prohibition against reuse of track segments. An opponent already located at the milepost of a declared player cannot execute a rover except by circling back, provided such movement is allowed by the rules, including that after the rover he can still legally reach his own destination.

By watching carefully the segments ridden by opponents, a declared player whose roll is insufficient to carry him home may be able to evade rover by routing his train's movement to end at a milepost that one or more opponents are prohibited by the non-reuse rules from revisiting.

When a declared player is rovered, he loses his declared status and must pay the opponent who rovered him $50,000. He may not be rovered again unless he later declares again. The destination of the rovered player ceases being his Home City, and switches to the alternate destination city that had been determined when he declared. During movement to an alternate destination, a player must continue to obey movement rules and avoid riding any rail segment he had since his prior destination city arrival. If such a player cannot reach his alternate destination without segment reuse, he may reuse only the minimum number of segments necessary to arrive at his alternate destination.

Upon ARRIVAL at his alternate destination city, a player collects a payoff as per usual rules. If a player is rovered while sitting at his alternate destination, his arrival occurs immediately at the start of his next turn. If he has sufficient cash, a player may declare once again. A declared player can safely move to and through the trains of opponents without being rovered. A declared player who ends his turn on a spur, such as the one to Miami, can be rovered only by an opponent whose next destination city is ahead on that spur, or who is exiting that spur. If the opportunity presents itself, a player may rover more than one declared opponent on the same turn. Tip: Rovering can be turned off via Game Options.


A player also loses his declared status if his cash level drops below $200,000 via the payment of USE FEES, even if this happens after arrival in his HOME CITY. In such cases, the player's destination becomes his alternate destination, and he proceeds there as if he had been rovered (see ROVER PLAY rules above), except there is no $50,000 penalty. Some declared players who are unable to reach their Home City intentionally ride the railroads of opponents so as to strategically "self undeclare" (via payment of use fees), and thereby avoid being rovered. If the player self undeclares in his alternate destination, he arrives immediately upon the start of his next turn. If he has sufficient cash at that time, the player may declare once again.


In the official Rail Baron game as of 2022, the B&O RR serves New York. This nicely fixes the old design problem of the most frequent game winner being whoever was lucky enough to have the first chance to buy the overly-powerful Pennsylvania RR. If you are using an outdated board game in which the B&O ends at Philadelphia, simply play as if the B&O RR extends northeast from there to New York parallel to the Pennsylvania RR through the same mileposts it serves. Tip: RBP's U21 map extends the B&O to New York.


As of the 2022 Rail Baron rules revision, a Superchief upgrade costs $20,000. At the old price of $40,000, players rarely upgraded to a Superchief until all railroads had been sold. The new $20,000 price makes an earlier upgrade an interesting strategic decision.



To play in about half the time, use the following four rule modifications:


To speed the game by 10% to 20%, use automated destination and payoff lookup software, such as the free Boardgame Conductor in the Rail Baron® computer game.


Allow players to use a purchase opportunity to upgrade an Express locomotive into a Superchief at no charge. Players may upgrade from a Freight to a Superchief at the normal price.


At the start of the game, give each player extra cash in an amount agreed to by all, for example $20,000 extra ($40,000 total starting cash). After each player has been assigned a HOME CITY, draw at random one railroad deed then conduct an AUCTION of it. Repeat such that one railroad is put up for auction per player in the game. If no one bids on a railroad, temporarily set it aside until all such auctioning is finished, then return it to the bank for later purchase by the players per normal rules.


The following rules allow the game to enjoyed by just two players. The main problem in a two player game is the overabundance of railroads. The solution: create an imaginary third player to reduce the supply of railroads. During the course of the game, periodically give this third player railroads chosen at random. Here's how: give it one immediately after four railroads have been purchased in the game, then another after the real players purchase two more railroads. Each time the real players purchase two more railroads, give the third player another (choose one at random from an upside-down stack of the deeds of unowned railroads). Repeat until the railroad supply is exhausted. So, for example with the original USA version, if you and your real opponent uniformly alternate purchasing railroads, the supply of unowned railroads will eventually dwindle to two. A real player will purchase one of these two, and the third player will be given the other, yielding a total of 20 RRs owned by the two real players, and 8 by the imaginary player. If a railroad is sold back to the bank, subtract one from the number considered purchased. When you ride on the third player's network, calculate fees as you would normally, however, pay one half of this fee to the bank, and the other half to your opponent. This fee splitting technique helps to simulate the fees the third player would pay to the real players if it were moving in the game. This also helps to retain most of the value of city lockout (monopolist) strategies.

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